After looking at the Tattoo, he did outline it first then shade it. Hope that helps answer your question.
Micky whats with the attitude, this is a learning forum where most of the members are learning on their own, many are in different stages of learning. I seen another post you made telling someone to put their machines down. This forum is more about education & not judging people. Not all Tattoos are done with a outline, I have seen some nice tribal pieces with no outline and just some great shading from good artists. It is a advanced form of tattooing, but it is done.Sorry but have you ever had a tattoo or seen a tattoo being done?